Gretel Schaj is a Smart Cities Consultant at BABLE, a spin-off of the Fraunhofer Institute in Stuttgart (Germany) working towards driving the change to create better and more liveable cities. She specialises in organisational and governance aspects of digital transformations and the data economy in cities. Gretel has experience working with government, non-profit, and private organisations, especially at the local level. She has also worked as a local manager of a Political Ecology Forum in Argentina, as well as a researcher in energy and municipal policies. She holds a master’s degree in Environmental Governance, and a bachelor’s degree in International Relations.